Enforcement is one of the biggest challenges faced in Ocean Conservation. Policing an Ocean that covers over 70% of the population is nearly impossible. New technology has allowed us to improve of enforcement tactics, but they are by no means perfect.
In today’s episode, I run through how enforcement is conducted and what we are protecting. I also chat about what some countries are doing to take extreme measures to protect their oceans and what some organizations are doing in international waters to protect what other countries can’t.
Important topics to consider when discussing Marine Enforcement:
- What exactly is a Marine Reserve?
- What is the difference between a Marine Reserve and a Habitat or Species Management Area? The latter is established to protect a certain species, to benefit fisheries, rare habitat, as spawning/nursing grounds for fish, or to protect entire ecosystems.
- The Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing Enforcement Act of 2015
- Eyes on the Seas
- In the high seas, fisheries regulations are inadequate to manage fisheries at a sustainable level
- 90% of MPAs are open to fishing
- Prevent illegal fishing
- “Well-enforced protection” sometimes isn’t that well-enforced in that take still seems to occur
- Align the goals of protected areas with local communities
- In the U.S., the MS act has helped domestic stocks (up to 200 nautical miles offshore) rebuild by engaging the local communities (through regional fisheries councils), better monitoring and enforcing restrictions (though legal authority and advancing technology), and through clear systems of accountability
- Views from Mukono residents on the proposal to ban fishing in the district for three months
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Enjoy The Podcast!